Prematurity or growth restrictions in the fetus or newborn and osteopathic treatment
When there is environmental stress, prematurity or growth restrictions in the fetus or newborn, the immature ANS may undergo what is called ‘dysmaturation’.
Even maternal stress can evoke this dysmaturation.
This stress can limit the capacity to respond to physiologic changes and to the environment.
In severe cases: neuropsychiatric disorders (depression, anxiety, behavioral dysfunction, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder, and others) may follow.
Ex-utero third trimester development in the preterm newborn may lead to altered autonomic development with potential short- and long-term implications for health.
Autonomic imbalance and in particular decreased parasympathetic tone is implicated in anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia and disturbances in normal social contact behavior.
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